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By Witchipedia, Herbs

Chrysanthemum: Varieties and Metaphysical Properties

Updated on:

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Written by: Dawn Black (Witchipedia)

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Reviewed by: Tina Caro

Chrysanthemums, often simply called “mums”, are the mainstay of the late autumn garden in temperate regions, their colorful pompoms spreading cheer long after the rest of the flowerbed has given up for the year. These hardy mums or garden mums are usually hybrids between C. morifolum and other species.

KEY TAKEAWAYS

Chrysanthemums, known as “mums,” belong to the Asteraceae family and are native to Asia, with a rich history dating back over 2,500 years.

There are numerous chrysanthemum varieties, including the popular “Spider Mum” with its unique curled petals, and the “Football Mum” known for its massive, spherical blooms that can reach up to 12 inches in diameter.

Chrysanthemums have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for their medicinal properties, helping to alleviate conditions such as headaches, inflammation, and high blood pressure.

Beyond their metaphysical and medicinal uses, chrysanthemums also find their way into various culinary creations, with their petals and leaves lending a delicate, slightly sweet flavor to dishes like salads and teas.

Growing Chrysanthemums

Chrysanthemums like at least 6 hours of sunlight daily but do not like heat. They aren’t too picky about soil as long as it isn’t extremely acidic or alkaline. Plant seeds or transplants outside after all danger of frost has past to enjoy their blooms all summer into the fall.

Although “hardy mums” are sold in the autumn, they are best planted in the spring so they can get established.

Chrysanthemum ColorMeaning
WhiteWhite chrysanthemums represent purity, innocence, and spiritual connection.
YellowYellow chrysanthemums symbolize joy, happiness, and friendship.
PinkPink chrysanthemums signify love, affection, and gentle emotions.
RedRed chrysanthemums convey passion, deep love, and strong emotions.
PurplePurple chrysanthemums are associated with spiritual growth, wisdom, and transformation.
OrangeOrange chrysanthemums represent enthusiasm, creativity, and positive energy.
Table 1: Color Variations and Meanings

Varieties of Chrysanthemum

  • Chrysanthemum coronarium – garland mum, crown daisy, shungiku, chop suey greens. Small flowers, yellow or white or bicolor. Edible greens. This is an annual and will die back after the first frost.
  • Chrysanthemum morifolium
  • Chrysanthemum indicum
  • Chrysanthemum [or Tanacetum] cinerariaefolium – Pyrethrum. Used as an insect repellent. Toxic to fish and insects, less harmful to mammals. Not recommended for culinary use.

Metaphysical Properties of Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum is masculine in nature and resonates with the energy of the Sun and the element of fire.

Chrysanthemum has been used for burial rituals and is a suitable decoration for Samhain and for ancestral altars.

The dried flower heads of chrysanthemum can be burned during house blessing ceremonies.

Metaphysical AspectDescription
Symbolic MeaningChrysanthemums symbolize joy, longevity, and optimism.
Healing EnergyChrysanthemums are believed to have soothing and calming properties, promoting relaxation and reducing stress.
Spiritual ConnectionChrysanthemums are associated with the divine, spiritual growth, and connecting with higher realms.
Protection and WardingChrysanthemums are thought to have protective energies and can be used to ward off negative influences.
Meditation AidChrysanthemums can assist in deepening meditation practice and enhancing focus and clarity of thoughts.
Table 2: Metaphysical Properties of Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum for Healing

In Chinese medicine, chrysanthemum is called Ju Hua and is used in formulas to dispel heat.

An infusion of dried chrysanthemum petals has been used as a tea to lower high blood pressure brought on by stress and as an eyewash to relieve redness and pain from eyestrain. You can also place the whole flower over your eyelids for the same purpose or make a warm compress of the petals.

Chrysanthemum tea can also be used as an aid to a detox regimen and to help support the immune system in its fight against the common cold and other respiratory infections and fever. It is rich in antioxidants. It is also used to relieve insomnia due to stress or anger.

Chewing a few leaves per day is said to give relief from migraines.

The fragrant yellow chrysanthemums are favored for healing purposes.

Culinary Uses for Chrysanthemum

All varieties of chrysanthemum have edible flower petals, but only Chrysanthemum coronarium has edible leaves, which have a mustard-like flavor when young and are popular in Asian cuisine.

Chrysanthemum flower petals are used in herbal teas and added to salads for a splash of color.

Chrysanthemum flowers and greens are rich in antioxidants and many beneficial minerals.

Other Uses for Chrysanthemum

Cut chrysanthemums last a long time and look great in floral arrangements.

About Morningbird (Witchipedia's Founder)

I am a homesteading hearth witch who grew up along the shores of the Hudson River and has lived among the Great Lakes for the past 20 years. Together with my musical husband and youngest child, I steward a one-acre mini homestead with herb, vegetable and flower gardens, chickens, ducks, geese and rabbits, and areas reserved for native plants and wildlife. 

I have three children; two are grown, and I have been practicing magick alone and with family and friends for over 30 years.

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