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By Witchipedia, Magical Religions and Spiritual Paths

Who is a Pagan & Meaning of this Term

Updated on:


Written by: Dawn Black (Witchipedia)


Reviewed by: Tina Caro

Pagan is a word that has been used in a derogatory manner in the past to refer to those who were not Christian or who did not behave in a manner Christians believed to be appropriate.

It has since been “reclaimed” by a specific group of people who are perfectly happy not to be Christian or approved of by Christians.


Paganism is an ancient belief system that predates organized religions, with roots in the polytheistic practices of various cultures.

The term “pagan” originally meant “rural” or “country dweller,” but over time, it came to refer to non-Abrahamic and non-monotheistic faiths.

Paganism encompasses a diverse range of spiritual practices, including Wicca, Druidry, and Heathenry, each with its unique rituals and traditions.

In modern times, paganism has experienced a resurgence, as people seek a connection to nature, the cycles of the seasons, and ancient wisdom.

Origins of this Term

One prevailing theory about the origin of the word Pagan comes from the Latin Paganus meaning “country dweller”, along the lines of the modern terms “hick” or “hillbilly”. These folks live outside the city and don’t keep up with the fashions of the elite and so might seem backward or strange to city folk. In ancient Rome, religion was one of these fashions and that is how the word Pagan came to be applied to non-mainstream religions.

Another popular theory is that the word paganus meant “civilian”, that is, not part of the military. According to this theory, Christians referred to themselves as “miles Christi” or “soldiers of Christ”. Thus, non-Christians were called “paganus” as they were decidedly not soldiers of Christ.

Modern Days

In a modern context, the word Pagan is often used to describe any religion that isn’t part of the Judeo-Christian family of religions and in many cases, it is used in a derogatory sense to imply Satan worship. However, many Pagans will point out that Satan is a being that is defined according to the Judeo-Christian worldview and therefore anyone who worships Him is by this definition not Pagan.

It also is perhaps limiting to define Paganism as simply “Not Judeo-Christian” as many would disagree that Hinduism or Buddhism are Pagan, certainly many ethnic Hindus, and Buddhists. Thus, another definition presents itself, still in line with the history of the word: A follower of a religion other than that which is approved by the greater social culture of the area.

In different circles, the word Pagan is used to describe Earth based spirituality specifically while others use the word Pagan to describe magico-religious tradition, the word Pagan has become synonymous with spiritual Witchcraft in many circles. It is also used to mean polytheism, both modern and ancient.

Other Definitions on the Web

About Morningbird (Witchipedia's Founder)

I am a homesteading hearth witch who grew up along the shores of the Hudson River and has lived among the Great Lakes for the past 20 years. Together with my musical husband and youngest child, I steward a one-acre mini homestead with herb, vegetable and flower gardens, chickens, ducks, geese and rabbits, and areas reserved for native plants and wildlife. 

I have three children; two are grown, and I have been practicing magick alone and with family and friends for over 30 years.

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