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By Witchipedia, Magical Religions and Spiritual Paths

The Alchemy: Etymology, Goals & Principles

Updated on:


Written by: Dawn Black (Witchipedia)


Reviewed by: Tina Caro

Alchemy is both a spiritual and magical practice and a philosophy. Its aim is famously to achieve immortality but also to achieve wisdom through the transformation of both the alchemist and the substances he manipulates.


Alchemy, derived from the Arabic word “al-kīmiyā,” has roots in ancient Egypt and Greece, blending Greek philosophy, Egyptian metallurgy, and mystical traditions.

While transmuting base metals into gold was a symbolic goal, alchemy aimed for spiritual enlightenment and the pursuit of the philosopher’s stone, believed to grant immortality and wisdom.

Alchemy’s influence persists in modern fields like psychology and medicine, with concepts of inner transformation and the search for the elixir of life echoing in Jungian psychology and holistic health practices.

Alchemy’s connection to spirituality is evident in its pursuit of the union of opposites, symbolizing the integration of the conscious and unconscious mind, much like the concept of “individuation” in psychology.


The world Alchemy may have come from the Old French alkemie or the Arabic al-kimia Greek khemeioa

The Greek khymatos is likely the oldest. It means “that which is poured out” and is related closely to khymos meaning “juice, sap” and referred to the earliest pharmaceutical industry which was concerned with mixing together plants to make medicines.

The word Khemia was an old name for Egypt meaning “land of the black Earth”. There may or may not be a connection between this name and the word Alchemy.


There is some disagreement among historians as to whether Alchemy originated in Persia, Egypt, Greece, India or China. All of these regions had something that would be recognizable as Alchemy before they regularly spent time in each others’ company.

According to the prevailing lore; What has come to be formally recognized as alchemy was codified in ancient Egypt around 1900 BCE by an Egyptian king called Hermes Trismegistus by the Greeks.

He is credited with many works on the subject, but the Emperor Diocletian of the Holy Roman Empire> is said to have destroyed most of them in the 3rd century AD.

The remaining are but 3 works: The Emerald Tablet, The Asclepian Dialogues, and The Divine Pymander.

Additional looks at ancient Greco-Egyptian alchemy, written by a number of different authors, can be found in the Greek Magical Papyri and in the Alchemy section of Sacred-text.com

Alchemy experienced its golden age from the 1400s until the end of the 18th century. Humanism, the Renaissance, Neoplatonism, and the rediscovery of ancient texts, combined with the invention of the printing press, fueled the interest in this mystical pursuit.

Throughout Europe, numerous adepts devoured esoteric books and treatises by naturalist philosophers, conducting experiments with alembics, furnaces, and potions. Armed with ancient parchments, formulas, and rituals, they embarked on a quest for the secret of secrets—the secret of nature, the birth of matter, and the soul that animates it.

Before Carl Gustav Jung, alchemy was often viewed solely as a precursor to modern chemistry or as a practice rooted in magic. Remarkable reactions, such as the discovery of mineral acids, salts, aqua regia, and alcohols, were indeed made by alchemists. However, today, alchemy’s deeper meaning as an allegorical map for the transmutation of consciousness has gained recognition.

Goals and Principles of Alchemy

Alchemy’s primary aim is to expand the spiritual realm of light through a meticulous treatment of the supposedly earthly, heavy, and dark world of matter. It is an ancient esoteric philosophical system expressed through various disciplines, including chemistry, physics, astrology, metallurgy, medicine, and art.

Alchemical thinking is considered by many as the precursor to modern chemistry prior to the advent of the scientific method.

The alchemists pursued several grand objectives: the conquest of omniscience, the creation of a universal panacea to cure all diseases and prolong life indefinitely, the transmutation of substances and metals, and the search for the philosopher’s stone. Beyond being a physical and chemical discipline, alchemy involved a process of spiritual liberation for the practitioner.

It represented a metaphysical and philosophical knowledge imbued with mystical and soteriological connotations. Alchemical processes and symbols possessed inner meanings related to spiritual development alongside their material significance in physical transformation.

Commonly Asked Questions

What is the origin of alchemy?

Alchemy has ancient roots and is the first experimental science with elements.

Did alchemists really believe they could transmute base metals into gold?

Yes, alchemists believed in the transmutation of base metals into gold.

Were there any successful alchemists who achieved transmutation?

No, there is no evidence of successful transmutation by alchemists.

Is alchemy still practiced today?

Yes, alchemy is still practiced in various forms.

What is the relationship between alchemy and spirituality?

Spiritual alchemy awakens the divine power and spark within each individual.

What are some famous alchemical texts?

One of the most important alchemical texts is the “Rosary of the Philosophers.”

How accurate are depictions of alchemy in popular culture?

Depictions of alchemy in popular culture are often distorted for sensationalism.

Are there any connections between alchemy and astrology?

Yes, alchemy and astrology are intertwined disciplines with shared symbolism and principles.

Can alchemy be considered a precursor to modern medicine?

Alchemy can be seen as a precursor to modern holistic medicine, emphasizing the connection between the physical and spiritual realms.


In conclusion, Alchemy offers a path for individuals to transcend limitations, discover their true selves, and awaken self-awareness. In times of chaos and inner turmoil, Alchemy ignites the fire of the Ego, leading to personal transformation.

By combusting old ideas, habits, images, and wounds, individuals can be renewed. Alchemy serves as a sublime science and art, guiding individuals towards self-realization and the fulfillment of their life’s purpose.

About Morningbird (Witchipedia's Founder)

I am a homesteading hearth witch who grew up along the shores of the Hudson River and has lived among the Great Lakes for the past 20 years. Together with my musical husband and youngest child, I steward a one-acre mini homestead with herb, vegetable and flower gardens, chickens, ducks, geese and rabbits, and areas reserved for native plants and wildlife. 

I have three children; two are grown, and I have been practicing magick alone and with family and friends for over 30 years.

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