Horus is the ancient Egyptian protector of the ruler of Egypt. The Pharaoh was considered to be the living incarnation of Horus.
After Osiris was murdered by Seth, Horus fought with Seth for the rule of Egypt. In the battle, he lost an eye. This Eye of Horus became an important symbol of protection. After the battle, Geb proclaimed Horus the ruler of the living.
The name Horus means “one far above” and he is imaged as a man with a hawk’s head.